Frequently Asked Questions
About Fulvic Acid and Humic Acid

What is the difference between Humic and Fulvic acid?

Prior to dinosaurs inhabiting the earth there were plants and microbes. There was one continent called Pangea and the air was tropical; warm, humid and full of CO2. So much plant growth occured that most of the CO2 was converted to plant matter and the richest supply of oxygen ever recorded was produced. Those plants were deposited in vast quantities and buried. Extreme pressure produced oil. Under less extreme conditions along with microbial action was produced coal and shale. Uprising of the earth exposed Leonardite, a shale comprised of decomposed plants. If you dissolve the shale in water you get humic acid, a large organic molecule. If you acidify the humic acid a small portion is extracted, fulvic acid.

What makes a mineral available?

Minerals exist in two forms: as metals and as organic substances. The human body is not designed to absorb and use minerals in metallic form. Organic minerals are metals that have been chelated and have thereby become bio-available. Minerals are chelated by being dissolved in Fulvic Acid, which is a part of humic substances. When a mineral is chelated by being dissolved in fulvic acid, the fulvic acid combines with the mineral to form organic mineral complexes that can be used in plant and animal metabolism. Fulvic acid organic mineral complexes pass easily through the semi-permeable cell wall and perform metabolic functions that metallic minerals cannot. This simple factor has moved them up a notch on the food chain and puts them in a form that plants and the human body can use.

What is Humate?

Humate (carobonatious shale) is formed from massive deposits of prehistoric vegetation. This layer was built up over thousands of years through the natural processes of life and death. Humic substances is a generic term for the complex of acids found in humate, and in the soil and plants around us. The remains of plants deposited in layers in New Mexico range from a few inches to as much as 50 feet in thickness.

What is a colloidal mineral?

A colloid is a small mineral particle that keeps its identity and is capable of being in liquid suspension. This does not mean this particle is liquid only that it is small enough to be suspended in water. In themselves colloids, which are metallic, are not usable by the body. They need the presence of fulvic acid to chelate them and render them usable by the body.

What is Volcanic Material?

The volcanic material used in Morningstar Minerals products originates in the magma flows deep inside the earth. It comes to the earth's surface through volcanic action and is the best available representation of the mineral composition of the earth. Volcanic material contains metallic minerals which are naturally chelated by the action of the humic and fulvic acids in humate.

What is fulvic acid? Where is it found?

Fulvic acid is a part of the humic structure of rich, composting soil. It is created by microbes working on decaying matter in a soil environment. Hence, it exists in all rich soils which have not been degraded through improper farming methods and the use of modern chemical fertilizers and pesticides. Fulvic acid is found in plants also, which take it into themselves and use it in their metabolism, and then pass it on to us when we eat plants rich in fulvic. Fulvic acid is found in usable form in humate also. Fulvic acid from humic deposits usually carry 60 or more minerals and trace elements in organic complexes that are necessary for life.

Why take supplements? The effects of chemical farming. What is Humate?

Farming practices, as we know them, rely on a very limited number of concentrated chemicals for fertilization of the land. These chemical fertilizers, because they are in no way natural in form, have the effect of destroying the microbes which make fulvic acid in the humus in the soil. The result is that minerals become unavailable to the crops being grown. What minerals are available are quickly taken from the soil. Many farmers do not take the effort to replace these in the soil, as replacement requires resting the fields for up to a year and the ongoing replacement of humus and other materials which result in the return of the beneficial microbes. The result is that we grow food that is not fully mineralized and which does not provide us with all of the minerals we require for optimum metabolism and health.

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